Teaching Buddhism

Home

Introduction

Search

Papers and Articles on Teaching Buddhism

Teaching Tools
Syllabi
Textbook Reviews
Films, Videos, Slides 
Art
Languages
IT Tools

Resources
Web Resources
E Journals
E Texts

Buddhist Studies Programs

To read the diacritical marks on this site: If you do not have CSX+ fonts download hel-csxp.hqx for Macintosh and hel-csxp.zip for PC users.

 
260-655

BUDDHIST METAPHYSICS

Mahàyàna in Theravàda

Course Description and Syllabus
Faculty of Religious Studies, McGill University
Winter 1999-2000
Wednesday 10:30-12:30 Room 104

Instructor: Dr. Mahinda Deegalle
Email: mdeegalle@leacock.lan.mcgill.ca
Phone: 398-7357

AIMS OF THE COURSE

This course attempts to understand the interactions between Mahàyàna Buddhist schools and Theravàda religious establishments in Sri Lanka. Since the historical existence of Mahàyàna and the problems it faced in Sri Lanka are not well known, this course will examine the following historical problems: (I) When was Mahàyàna introduced to Sri Lanka? What was its nature and the nature of its community life? (ii) What was the role of Abhayagiri Vihàra as the institutional base of Sri Lankan Mahàyàna? (iii)What historical events did result in the disappearance of Mahàyàna from Sri Lanka? (iv) What was the nature of Bodhisattva cult associated with Avalokite÷vara and Maitreya? (v) What was the nature of Tantric Buddhism that prevailed in Sri Lanka? (vi) What kind of historical, literary and artistic evidence does exist in Sri Lanka to prove the historical existence of Mahàyàna movement in Sri Lanka? (vii) What interactions and conflicts did exist between Mahàyàna and Theravàda in Sri Lanka? Each class will consist of an introductory lecture, a discussion and student presentations (beginning on January 19).

REQUIRED TEXTS

     
    *R.A.L.H. Gunawardana, Robe and Plough: Monasticism and Economic Interest in Early Medieval Sri Lanka (Tuscon: University of Arizona Press, 1979) is available for purchase at Paragraphe Bookstore, 2220 Avenue McGill College, Montr‚al.
    * A source book is available for purchase at McGill University Bookstore.
ON RESERVE at Birks Reading Room
*Diran K. Dohanian, The Mahàyàna Buddhist Sculpture of Ceylan (New York &London: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1977).
*John Clifford Holt, Buddha in the Crown: Avalokite÷vara in the Buddhist Traditions of Sri Lanka (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991).
*Nandasena Mudiyanse, Mahayan Monuments in Ceylon (Colombo: M.D. Gunasena, 1967).
Sangapala Arachchige Hemalatha Goonatilake, ßIdology as an Instrument of State Control: A Case of Bodhisttava Cult in Sri Lanka,û Kalyàõã 2 (1983): 119-35.
*J.E. van Lohuizen-de Leeuw, ßThe Kuùñarajàgala Image: An Identification,û in Paranavitana Felicitation Volume on Art and Architecture and Oriental Studies, ed. N.A. Jayawickrama (Colombo: M.D. Gunasena, 1965), pp. 253-61.
*R.A.L.H. Gunawardana, ßSubtile Silk of Ferreous Firmness: Buddhist Nuns in Ancient and Early Medieval Sri Lanka and their Role in the Propagation of Buddhism,û Sri Lanka Journal of the Humanities 14 (1 &2) 1988 (published in 1990): 1-59.
COURSE REQUIREMENTS
    Attendance to all lectures and active participation in class discussions: 10%One class presentation on a theme related to the selected required readings (beginning on January 19): 16% Three reaction papers (each approximately 250-300 words), which raise an important question with regard to one of the selected readings, should be submitted as follows: (i) January 19, (ii) February 9 and (iii) March 15: 24%A research paper of approximately 3500 words should be submitted by 5:00 P.M. on March 29, 2000. For the research paper, an appropriate research topic should be selected in consultation with the instructor by February 2, 2000. After consultation, a research proposal (outlining the thesis and methodology with approximately 300 words) with bibliography should be submitted by February 16, 2000: 50%
SCHEDULE
Jan. 5 Mahàyàna Buddhism in Sri Lanka: Episodes
Nandasena Mudiyanse, Mahàyàna Monuments in Ceylan (Colombo: M.D. Gunasena, 1967), chapter 1 (pp. 1-10).
Jan. 12 Monastic Factions: Mahavihàra, Abhayagiriya and J¹tavana
R.A.L.H. Gunawardana, ßBuddhist Nikàyas in Medieval Ceylon,û Ceylon Journal of Historical and Social Sciences 9 (1) 1966: 55-66.

R.A.L.H. Gunawardana, ßThe Structure of the Saïgha,û and ßA New Organization for the Sanga: The Unification and its Significance,û in Robe and Plough: Monasticism and Economic Interest in Early Medieval Sri Lanka (Tuscon: University of Arizona Press, 1979): 7-51, 313-337.

David J. Kalupahana, ßSchools of Buddhism in Early Ceylon,û The Ceylon Journal of the Humanities 1 (1970): 159-90.

Heinz Bechert, ßOn the Identification of Buddhist Schools in Early Sri Lanka,û in Indology and Law: Studies in Honour of Professor J. Duncan M. Derrett, eds. Gnther-Dietz Sontheimer and Parameswara K. Aithal (Wiesbaden: Universitat Heidelberg, 1982), pp. 60-76.

Chandra Wickramagamage, ßJ¹tavana,û in Encycolpaedia of Buddhism, ed. W.G. Weeraratne 6 (1996): 46-9.

Heinze Bechert, ßThe Nikàyas of Medieval Sri Lanka and the Unification of the Saïgha by Parakramabahu I,û in Studies on Buddhism in Honour of Professor A.K. Warder, eds. N.K. Wagle and F. Watanabe (Toronto: University of Toronto, 1993) pp. 11-21.

Jan. 19 Mahàyàna and Theravàda: Religious Concepts and Mutual Influence
Walpola Rahula, ßThe Bodhisattva Ideal in Theravàda and Mahàyàna,û in Zen and the Taming of the Bull (London: Fraser, 1978), pp. 71-7.

Heinz Bechert, ßBuddha-Field and Transference of Merit: Mahàyàna Concepts in Theravàda Buddhism of Ceylon.û Paper read at Komazawa University, Tokyo, 1982, 20 pages.

Sangpala Arachchige Hemalatha Goonatilake, ßIdeology as an Instrument of State Control: A Case of Bodhisattva Cult in Sri Lanka,û Kalyàõã 2(1983): 119-35.

Shanta Ratnayaka, ßThe Boddhisattva Ideal of Theravàda,û Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 8(2) 1985: 85-110.

Mahinda Deegalle, ßMahàyàna Ideas within Theravàda?û Buddhist Studies (Bukkyº Kenkyå) 27(1998): 97-116.

        First reaction paper is due in class
Jan. 26 Early Mahàyàna in Sri Lanka
S, Paranavitana, ßMahayanism in Ceylan,û Ceylon Journal of Science 2(1928): 35-71.

S.M.K. Wijetunga, ßThe Spread of Heterodox Buddhist Doctrines in Early Ceylon,û Ceylon Historical Journal 19(1969-70): 16-28.

Diran K. Dohanian, ßMahàyàna Cult in Ancient Ceylon,û in India's Contribution to World Thought and Culture: Vivekananda Commemoration Volume (Madras:Vivekananda Memorial Committee, 1970), pp. 423-36.

Heinz Bechert, ßMahàyàna Literature in Sri Lanka: The Early Phase,û in Praj¤apàramità and Related Systems: Studies in Honor of Edward Conze, eds. Lewis Lancaster and Luis O. G¢mez (Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Buddhist Studies Series, 1977), pp. 361-8.

Feb. 2 Mahàyàna in Sri Lanka: Archaeological Evidence
Nandasena Mudiyanse, Mahàyàna Monuments in Ceylon (Colombo: M.D. Gunasena, 1967), chapter 4 (pp. 79-105).

Diran K. Dohanian, The Mahàyàna Buddhist Sculpture of Ceylan (New ork & London: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1977), chapter 3 (pp.20-29).

        Last day to consult the instructor on the topic of the research paper
Gregory Schopen, ßThe Text on the Dhàranã Stones from Abhayagiriyaû: 

A Minor Contribution to the Study of Mahàyàna Literature in Ceylon,û Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 5(1) 1982: 100-8.

Feb. 9 Mahàyàna Sculptures: Bodhisattva Images and Tantric Icons
Ananda K. Coomaraswamy, ßMahàyàna Buddhist Images from Ceylon and Java,û Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (Great Britain and Ireland) Part 1 (1909): 283-97.

P.E.P. Deraniyagalam ßThe Unique Bronze Statues of Tara from Ceylon,û Spolia Zeylanica 26(1951): 267-71.

Nandasena Mudiyanse, Mahàyàna Monuments in Ceylon (Colombo: M.D. Gunasena, 1967), chapter 3 (pp. 24-78).

M.H. Sirisoma and Sirinimal Lakdusingha, ßThe Identification of a Bodhisattva Statue from Tiriyaya,û Ancient Ceylon 5(2)1990: 339-49.

Diran K. Dohanian, The Mahàyàna Buddhist Sculpture of Ceylan (New York & London: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1977), chapter 5&6 (pp. 59-94).

Mahinda Deegalle, ßBuddha's Rock: Mahàyàna Legacy at Buduruvagala,û 

Journal of Pali and Buddhist Studies 12(1998): 103-15.

        Second reaction paper is due in class
Feb. 16 Sanskrit Studies and Sri Lankan Mahàyàna
Heinz Bechert, ßSanskrit Literature in Sri Lanka as a Paradigm of Regional Sanskrit Literatures,û in Malalasekera Commemoration Volume, ed. O.H. De A. Wijesekera (Colombo: The Malalasekera Commemoration Volume Editorial Committee, 1976), pp. 23-25.

Heinz Bechert, ßRemarks on Astrological Sanskrit Literature from Sri Lanka,û in Senarat Paranavitana Commemoration Volume, eds. Leelananda Prematilleke, Karthigesu Indrapala and J.E. van Lohuizen- de-Leeuw (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1978), pp. 45-7.

Heinz Bechert, ßRemarks on Four Buddhist Sanskrit Works Composed in Sri Lanka,û in Studies in Pali and Buddhism: A Memorial Volume in Honor of Bhikkhu Jagdish Kashyap, eds. A.K. Narain and L. Zwilling (Delhi: B.R. Publishing Corporation, 1979), pp. 25-7.

Heinz Bechert, ßBuddhist Sanskrit Literature in Sri Lanka.û Paper read at The C.E. Godakumbura, ßReferences to Buddhist Sanskrit Writers in Sinhalese Literature,û University of Ceylon Review 1(1)1943:86-93.

        Research proposal is due at 5:00 P.M.
March 1 Tantric Buddhism in Sri Lanka
P. Edwin Ebert Fernando, ßTantric Influence on the Sculptures at Gal Vihàra, Polonnaruva,û University of Ceylan Review 18 (1&2)1960: 50- 66.
Nandasena Mudiyanse, Mahàyàna Monuments in Ceylon (Colombo: M.D. Gunasena, 1967), Appendix A (pp. 107-119).

Roger R. Jackson, ßA Tantric Echo in Sinhalese Theravàda: Pirit Ritual, the Book of Paritta and the JinapanjarayaDhãþ: Journal of Rare Buddhist Texts Research Project 19(1994): 121-40.

R.A.L.H. Gunawardana, ßCults and Ritualû in Robe and Plough: Monasticism and Economic Interest in Early Medieval Sri Lanka (Tuscon: University of Arizona Press, 1979), pp. 212-241.

David J. Kalupahana, ßTantras and Parittas: The Voiceful Tradition,û in A History of Buddhist Philosophy (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1992), pp. 217-227.

Mahinda Deegalle, ßA Search for Mahàyàna in Sri Lanka,û Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 22 (2) 1999: 343-57.

March 8 Bodhisattva Devotion: The Legacy of Avalokite÷vara
Senarat Parnavitana, ßBodhisattva Avalokite÷vara in Ceylon,û in B.C. Law Volume 2 (Poona: Baroda Oriental Research Institute, 1951), pp. 15-8.

J.E. van Lohuizen-de Leeuw, ßThe Kuùñarajàgala Image: An Identification,û in Paranavitana Felicitation Volume on Art and Architecture and Oriental Studies, ed. N.A. Jayawickrama (Colombo: M.D. Gunasena, 1965), pp. 253-61.

Leelananda Prematilleke, ßThe Kuùñarajàgala Image at V„ligama, Sri Lanka: A Re-examination,û in Senarat Paranavitana Commemoration Volume (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1978), pp. 170-80.

Diran K. Dohanian, The Mahàyàna Buddhist Sculpture of Ceylon (New York & London: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1977), chapter 4 (pp. 30-58).

John Clifford Holt, Buddha in the Crown: Avalokite÷vara in the Buddhist Traditions of Sri Lanka (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991), chapter 2-4 (pp. 27-124).

 
        Third reaction paper is due in class
March 15 Avalokite÷vara and Natha
John Clifford Holt, Buddha in the Crown: Avalokite÷vara in the Buddhist Traditions of Sri Lanka (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991), chapter 2-4 (pp. 27-124).

March 22 Maitreya, Natha and Piñiye
John Clifford Holt, Buddha in the Crown, chapter 5-9 (pp. 125-225).

Mahinda Deegalle, ßMarathon Preachers: The Two-pulpit Tradition in Sri Lanka,û Asiatische Studien: tudes Asiatique 52(I) 1998:15-56 (section on Maitreya Varõanàva, 6 pages).

March 29 Mahàyàna Monastic Architecture
Leelanda Prematilleke and Roland Silva, ßA Buddhist Monastery Type of Ancient Ceylon Showing Mahayanist Influence,û Artibus Asiae 30(1) 1968: 61-84.

Nandasena Mudiyanse, ßArchitectural Monuments of the Mahayanists of Ceylon,û Indo-Asian Culture 19(3) 1970:13-30.

        Research paper is due at 5:00 P.M.
 
Apr. 5 Sri Lankan Interactions with Mahàyàna Countries: China andTibet
R.A.L.H. Gunawardana, ßRelations with Foreign Centers of Buddhism,û in Robe and Plough: Monasticism and Economic Interest in Early Medieval Sri Lanka (Tuscon: University of Arizona Press, 1979), pp. 242-281.

R.A.L.H. Gunawardana, ßSubtile Silk of Ferreous Firmness: Buddhist Nuns in Ancient and Early Medieval Sri Lanka and their Role in the 

Propagation of Buddhism,û Sri Lanka Journal of the Humanities 14(1&2)1988 (published in 1990): 1-59.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

top     home